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The LEDS Finance Resource Guide

Disclaimer: All the frameworks or methods mentioned in the LEDS Finance Resource Guide are not necessarily endorsed by LEDS GP or the Finance Working Group as the only or best resources on LEDS finance, and are intended as useful starting points.


The LEDS Finance Resource Guide presents a curated selection of resources on a range of LEDS and NDC finance topics. It has been designed to help LEDS practitioners more easily find high-quality resources that meet their specific needs, and avoid time-consuming web searching. The target audience is individuals working on or interested in LEDS and NDC finance in both developed and developing countries.

How to use this guide

The resources are organised using a framework to help readers navigate around the guide and find the resources they need, as well as leading them to related resources. The framework is made up of six main sections, most of which have a number of subsections. Between 2 and 5 resources are presented in each section or subsection, along with separate case studies where available. The structure of the guide is as follows:

  1. Understanding the situation – The first steps in a comprehensive approach to mobilizing LEDS finance

Subsections: assessing capacity; identifying and overcoming barriers; assessing financing needs; understanding current finance flows

  1. Planning and coordinating – Ensuring LEDS finance mobilization activities are coherent and coordinated

Subsections: institutions and governance; national finance strategies; investment plans; national climate funds; green investment banks

  1. Creating an enabling environment for investment – Building investor confidence with a coherent and stable policy and regulatory environment

        Subsections: N/A

  1. Using domestic and international public finance – Understanding, accessing and managing public sources of finance

Subsections: managing national finance; international climate finance; climate finance readiness; the GCF; direct access

  1. Implementing effective financial instruments – Attracting investment by reducing risks and increasing returns

Subsections: general resources; risk mitigation; guarantees; feed-in tariffs and auctions; taxes and tax incentives; carbon pricing; sources of private finance

  1. Developing good projects – Supporting the development of impactful and financeable projects

Subsections: general resources; impact and transformational change; making projects financeable; MRV

Each section contains a brief introductory paragraph describing what the section is about and why it is relevant, one or two ‘featured introductory resources’ which are relevant to a number of the subsections and provide a good introduction to the topic area, and then a list of the subsections covered, along with a short description and hyperlink.

The subsections are structured similarly, with an introductory paragraph describing the topic and its relevance, and then the resources are presented. Some of the sections feature a ‘general resources’ subsection where resources that cover a number of subsection topics are presented.

Where possible, both introductory and more comprehensive resources have been included for each topic. For each resource, a short description of the content is provided, outlining what the purpose of the document is, what it covers, and who it is aimed at. Particular chapters are highlighted where especially relevant. Details of the organisations that published the document, the date of publication and the number of pages are provided to help readers work out whether to access it. Hyperlinks are included for readers to download the document.

For most subsections, country examples are also presented, in the form of country specific reports or case study documents. These complement the more general nature of most of the key resources. In some cases country case studies are included within the main resource documents; these are highlighted in the guide.

There are close linkages between many of the sections and subsections, and readers interested in a particular subsection may also find resources in another subsection to be of use. A number of these links are highlighted throughout the guide and hyperlinks are provided to enable readers to jump to other relevant subsections.

In addition, some of the resources featured in the guide are relevant to a number of subsections. Generally these are highlighted with a ‘see also’ reference guiding readers to a resource included in another subsection. In a few cases where specific resources are relevant to multiple subsections, the resource details are included in full in each subsection where relevant.

Click here for two featured introductory resources on LEDS finance

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