Biomass energy (essentially firewood and charcoal) accounted for 77% of gross primary consumption in 2011 and is used as the main energy source by more than 85% of households. This situation is reflected in gradual loss of forest cover in the urban supply areas and environmental degradation (especially affecting the soils).
The efficiency of traditional fuels is very low (between 5% and 15% energy yield depending on the technology used). Biomass energy supply chains cover several important areas where technologies and know-how can be applied to improve energy efficiency (production and consumption).
Several programs to disseminate improved stoves have therefore been put together and implemented since 1985, together with sustainable biomass management policies. In 1998, the Guinean Government adopted a sector-based policy to manage traditional energies. One of the components is aimed at improving carbonization equipment for charcoal production. As a result of these policies, 256,711 stoves have been disseminated, saving 506,253 tonnes of wood-energy and thereby safeguarding 6575 ha of forest cover. The Integrated Programme of Access to Modern Energy Services (PRONIASE) planned to disseminate 10,000 improved wood and charcoal fired stoves and 2000 improved charcoal production kilns in 2015. Another program aims to develop efficient wood fired stoves for rural areas.
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