Mexico has shown international leadership in developing legislation, policy and programmes to support its transition to a low carbon economy. A general law on climate change was recently approved and a long term climate change strategy is under implementation, together with a multi-stakeholder approach to develop an institutional MRV framework to support NAMAs and LEDS.
The institutional MRV framework being implemented aims to go beyond simply tracking emission reductions and includes a set of measures, systems and registries to perform policy evaluation, institutional strengthening and ultimately support decision-making. Currently the MRV framework in Mexico consists of several mechanisms, including laws, reporting rules, estimation methodologies, and coordination among different institutions of the public and private sector.
These mechanisms continue to be developed and continuously improved and currently serve as a good example of progress towards a comprehensive national MRV framework.
- Inter-Ministerial Commission on Climate Change (CICC)
- Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (SEMARNAT)
- National Institute of Ecology and Climate Change (INECC)
- Commission on Private Sector Studies for Sustainable Development (CESPEDES)
The MRV institutional framework has long been financed through the Mexican Federal Government. However, several of the estimation methodologies, instruments, processes and policy design, particularly as they are related to LEDS and NAMAs, are funded with resources from international sources. Donors include the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment, the European Union, the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) through its International Climate Initiative (IKI), IADB, KfW, UNDP, USAID, and World Bank. Several donors are keen to work with the country, as Mexico’s development of an MRV framework makes it easier to track impact, making technical cooperation financing relatively more attractive than in other countries.
- Global Environment Facility (GEF)
- Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
- Inter-American Development Bank (IADB)
- United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)