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Case Study
Design and implementation of a climate resilient green economy strategy

Design and implementation of a climate resilient green economy strategy

Comprehensive Green Growth Strategy combining vision for green economy, climate resilience and development goals in a least developed country.
Good Practice
  • Leadership and political commitment
  • Stakeholder participation
  • Integrated into existing processes
  • Financial or implementation plan
  • Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use
  • Energy
  • Forestry and REDD+
  • Transport
  • Waste Management

Ethiopia, Africa

Year Published

2011 - 2025

Case Summary
The Ethiopia Climate Resilient Green Economy (CRGE) Strategy was published in 2011, based on the vision set by the late Prime Minister Meles Zenawi. The vision is for Ethiopia to develop a climate-resilient green economy and to attain middle-income status by 2025. The country plans to follow a green economy pathway that fosters sustainable development.

The CRGE is based on four pillars: agriculture; forestry; power; and transport, industrial sectors and infrastructure. The CRGE strategy adopts a sectoral approach across six government ministries with more than sixty initiatives to be implemented. An estimated USD 150 billion is required to deliver this over a period of twenty years. The green growth pathway envisages limiting national greenhouse gas emission levels to 150 MtCO2e instead of 400 MtCO2e/a in 2030 under business as usual (BAU) scenario.

The CRGE has facilitated the setting of national targets, the creation of a dedicated financing facility, registry and MRV system, the identification of sixty sectoral initiatives and is setting an example to neighbouring African nations and other countries internationally as an early example of a national green growth strategy.
  • The Prime Minister’s Office
  • Ethiopian Development Research Institute
  • Environment Protection Authority (now the Ministry of Environment & Forestry (MEF)
  • Ministry of Environment and Forestry (formerly Environmental Protection Authority)
  • Ministry of Finance and Economic Development (MoFED)
  • Ministry of Agriculture
  • Ministry of Water; Ministry Irrigation & Energy
  • Ministry of Trade and Industry
  • Ministry of Transport
  • Ministry of Science & Technology
  • Ministry of Urban Development and Construction
  • Regional States
Cooperation with
  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
  • UK Department for International Development (DFID)
  • Government of Norway
  • Government of Austria
An estimated USD 150 billion (USD 80 billion from capital investments and USD 70 billion operating and programme expenses) is required over the next 20 years, with 2010 as the base year. The CRGE Facility was set up to finance the implementation of CRGE activities by mobilising funds from international, public and private sources. There are two designated accounts for pooling resources: National Account with MOFED: Parliament has allocated 2 % of federal budget, with support from the Government of Austria and DFID, among others. Approximately USD 23 million is accrued in this account. International Account with UNDP MPTF-Office: Approximately USD 5million is already pledged to this account. UNDP is the interim trustee for the Ethiopian Government and will hand over the management after a period.

Results supported byUNDPWorld Resources InstituteTransparency partnership