The National Forest Monitoring System is a national MRV system, currently under development, aimed at improving the coordination and organisation amongst different institutions involved in the forestry sector in Costa Rica, in order to generate quality and verifiable information for different purposes.
The National Forest Monitoring System builds on Costa Rica’s Payment for Environmental Services (PES) monitoring system to support significant forest sector-related national policy objectives and/or programmes, including: (i) the national 2021 carbon neutrality goal; (ii) participation in the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) and efforts to access its funds; (iii) compliance with the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change; and (iv) pursuit of the Verified Carbon Standard Jurisdictional and Nested REDD+ (VCS JNR) Framework for accounting and crediting REDD+ programmes.
A coordination mechanism is in place where a group of specialists have come together to identify and solve technical and information gaps, in order to complete and adjust this new overarching MRV system that caters to various different requirements and needs. A series of completed, on-going and planned actions are developed under this process.
- National Meteorological Institute (IMN)
- National System of Conservation Areas (SINAC)
- National Forestry Financing Fund (FONAFIFO)
- National Forestry Office (ONF)
- College of Agricultural Engineers (CIAgro)
- REDD+ Secretariat; National Academy
- Department of Climate Change (DCC)
- Ministry of Environment and Energy (MINAE)
- Indigenous and Rural Coordinating Association of Central American Communal Agroforestry (ACICAFOC)
- Costa Rican Forest Chamber (CCF)
- Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MAG)
- National Institute of Statistics and Census (INEC)
The state has invested in REDD+, especially in the required interagency coordination and the re-routing of related projects. An estimated USD 90,000 has been allocated from the national budget for REDD+ readiness. For REDD+ implementation, Costa Rica has invested USD 84 million. The FCPF provided USD 3.6 million for the R-PP. Furthermore, a letter of intentions has been signed for USD 63 million, to which access will be gained once the REDD+ package is completed. Other programs from NORAD, USAID and GIZ have contributed to funding in the amount of USD 5 million. An additional request for USD 4.5 million will be presented before FCPF in June 2014. Excluding these funds, approximately USD 9 million has been secured to advance Costa Rica’s preparation for REDD+.
- Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF)/World Bank
- Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
- Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD)
- United States Agency for International Development (USAID)