Georgia, a country with 4.5 million inhabitants, is currently developing a national low emission development strategy. At the local level, Covenant of Mayor signatory cities are planning to make significant contributions to this strategy and Georgia’s national mitigation efforts. Of the seven current signatories to the EU Covenant of Mayors (CoM) in Georgia, four have already submitted and have begun implementing Sustainable Energy Action Plans (SEAP). The SEAPs outline plans to achieve the commitment outlined in the CoM to reach GHG emission reductions of at least 20% by 2020.
The development of the SEAPs involved a variety of stakeholders, including local and national public sector, private actors, international donors and experts. A variety of barriers were faced, including a lack of data (and access to existing data), difficulty engaging the private sector, political issues, capacity constraints, definition of baselines, adapting an EU process to a transition country context, donor coordination, national and local level coordination, and limited financial resources.
Critical to the success of the development of the SEAPS were political commitment on national and local level, international financial support, technical assistance to local level & national coordinators, access to funds, motivated personnel and capacity building programs externally financed by the CoM.
- Ministry of Energy
- Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources Protection
- Municipality signatories to the Covenant of Mayors
- DG ENER European Commission; CoM East Office
- National association of local authorities
- Local NGOs
- DG DevCO, the EU delegation in Georgia and other EU institutions
- Ministry of Regional Development and Infrastructure
- Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development
- Ministry of Finance; Municipal Development Fund Georgia
- Partner cities (E.g. Saarbruecken for Tbilisi and Rostock for Batumi)
- The Steering Committee of the Low Emission Development Strategy
Finance for development of SEAPs varied across municipalities. For Tbilisi, support was obtained from USAID for the assistance of 3rd party consultants. For Gori and Rustavi, SEAPs were developed with support from the Emirates Environmental Group, supported by COMO East and co-financed by the municipality. Batumi has used its own budget. The regional Sustainable Urban Demonstration Projects programme launched by the EU will provide significant co-financing for demonstration projects and other activities.
- European Commission: Eastern Partnership Energy Security platform
- USAID – Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS)
- Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ)
- Global Environment Facility (GEF)
- United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
- City twinning (Climate Alliance, City of Batumi)