Chilean President Michelle Bachelet launched Chile’s preparation process for its INDC at the UN Climate Summit in New York, in September 2014. The final INDC was officially submitted in September 2015 1 and contains an unconditional target of 30% reduction of GHG emissions-intensity of GDP compared to 2007 levels by 2030, complemented by a conditional target (35–45% reduction of GHG emissions-intensity of GDP compared to 2007 by 2030) and a separate forestry target.
Chile is considered a “first mover” as it was among the first developing countries to prepare and publish a draft version of the INDC. The INDC builds heavily on Chile’s Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios Project (MAPS), both in terms of data and with regard to inter-ministerial coordination processes. A public consultation process, that started in December 2014 and ended in April 2015, improved ownership and provided input from different stakeholders and the general public to the INDC. The process included the web publication of the INDC proposal with a web-based mechanism for receiving feedback as well as seven regional workshops and several presentations to targeted audiences.
The case highlights the importance of efforts to build public awareness and to design specific climate change policies that go beyond existing instruments.
Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) Programme (www.mapsprogramme.org) and MAPS Chile: implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
World Resources Institute (WRI): provided upfront information for Agriculture and LULUCF.
Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on behalf of the European Commission, the German Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), the Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency and AusAID: provided support in the assessments during the public consultations.
The INDC preparation process was financed through public funds, complemented by funds from multiple donors, including the Children Investment Fund Foundation (CIFF), the Climate and Development Knowledge Network (CDKN), the Swiss Cooperation for Development (COSUDE), the Danish Ministry for Climate, Energy and Construction, World Resources Institute and the Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in the framework of the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the German Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB).
- Ministry of Environment of Chile (Climate Change Office)
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs
- Ministry of Energy
- Ministry of Agriculture
- Ministry of Mining
- Ministry of Finance
- Ministry of Transportation
- Ministry of Housing