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Case Study
Initiative and innovation in the Norwegian INDC preparation

Initiative and innovation in the Norwegian INDC preparation

Norway’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) was prepared and submitted at an early stage of the international process, advancing an innovative and progressive approach towards the ac- counting for land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) and pursuing collective delivery with the EU.
  • Energy
  • Transport

Norway, Europe and Eurasia

Year Published

2014 - 2015

Case Summary
On 26 March 2015, Norway was the third government after Switzerland and the European Union to officially submit its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) to the UNFCCC. Like the EU, Norway announced an emission reduction target at least 40% below 1990 levels by 2030. The target is economy-wide and covers 100% of national GHG emissions.  

Being among the first Parties to submit an INDC, Norway demonstrated initiative and responsibility in the process towards a new international climate agreement in 2015. With regard to substance, two particular aspects in Norway’s INDC deserve emphasis: firstly, Norway advances an innovative and progressive approach towards accounting for land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF). In the absence of a common framework at the European or international level, Norway unilaterally adopts the position that a future methodology for LULUCF accounting shall not affect its ambition level for 2030. Secondly, Norway intends to co-operate with the EU on a collective delivery of the targets. This is a clear political signal towards a closer collaboration with the EU in order to improve climate policy efficiency and raise efforts and ambition at a larger scale.  

Norway’s proactive approach in the preparation and submission of its INDC makes it an important role model that might encourage other countries to follow suit.
  • Federal ministries: Ministry of Climate and Environment (lead), Ministry of Transportation, Ministry of Petroleum and Energy, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Agriculture and Food
  • Federal agencies: Norwegian Environment Agency, Statistics Norway
Cooperation with
  • Research institutions (in particular the Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute)
  • Industry and business associations
  • Non-governmental organisations
The preparation of the INDC was funded through the federal budget (or, more specifically, through the budget of the Ministry of Climate and Environment). Precise estimates of total costs for the implementation of the INDC are not available. Yet, the Environment Agency conducted a broad assessment of emission reduction measures and corresponding costs, which provide a basis for estimating costs associated with the implementation of the INDC (which are subject to constant updates and refinements). In addition, Statistics Norway is exercising macroeconomic modelling to indicate the aggregate cost of emission targets.

Results supported byUNDPWorld Resources InstituteTransparency partnership