South Africa is among the leaders in its development of a comprehensive MRV system that is integrated into national monitoring and evaluation (M&E) processes, tuned to international Measuring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) requirements. The monitoring encompasses the whole of MRV process, and the evaluation component provides “continuous assessment and feedback” to the monitoring system. Besides covering climate change mitigation and adaptation, the system also includes M&E of all atmospheric emissions (such as PM, NOx, SOx, etc.) through a web-based platform called the National Atmospheric Emissions Inventory System (NAEIS). This integration aims at enabling the federal, provincial and local governments to track progress on the transition towards a climate-resilient and lower-carbon economy and society (NCCRP 2011). The system will also help to update the National Climate Change Response Database (NCCRD), which was developed in 2009, and formalise key data reporting mechanisms through participatory technical working groups.
The system is considered good practice as it establishes the regular tracking of GHG emissions across a wide range of sectors and is in line with the international BUR requirements for MRV.
These include various line ministries, which collect and report sector-specific data, such as Department of Energy (DoE), Department of Transport (DoT), Economic Development Department (EDD), Department of Mineral Resources (DMR), Department of Trade and Industry (DTI), Department of Science and Technology (DST), National Treasury (NT), Department of Public Enterprises (DPE), Department of Agriculture, Forest and Fisheries (DAFF), etc. It may also be noted that each line ministry reports to the Pre sidency on a quarterly basis at ministerial level.
Department of Environmental Affairs
The Dept. of Environmental Affairs is the nodal agency that reports climate data to the Dept. of Performance Monitoring and Evaluation in the Presidency. The former is tasked with collecting and integrating information on climate change implementation across government departments.
Statistics South Africa
Stats SA is the agency that coordinates institutional arrangements between the South African private sector, the various line ministries, local governments, civil society and other research organisations.
Funding for the MRV activities is received from a combination of domestic, bilateral and multilateral sources. International NGOs such as ICLEI also contribute a part of the finances required.
- The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) via its International Climate Initiative (IKI) in particular the Climate Support Programme (CSP), implemented by GIZ
- Government of Australia
- Multilateral organizations such as United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), United Nations
Development Programme (UNDP)
- World Resources Institute (WRI)
- Royal Danish Embassy
- International and national research organizations