The preparation of Jordan’s INDC began in January 2015 and the INDC was submitted in September 2015.
Jordan’s INDC preparation process built on existing processes, national policies, institutions and streamlining the flow of information. A four-step approach, which included a series of workshops and ministerial engagements, was initiated and led to the cooperation of all relevant line ministries, each of them responsible for the contribution of their respective sectors. In addition, exchange programmes with other countries working on INDC preparation were organised. These exchange programmes facilitated experience sharing and technical capacity building.
The preparation process showed commitment from a broad range of institutions and stakeholders, and leadership at the highest political levels: the decision-making process through the inter-ministerial coordination, the involvement of cross-sector non-government stakeholders and the commitment and leadership of the Ministry of Environment are perceived to be an innovative progress in domestic policy-making, and further strengthened dialogue and policy formulation in Jordan as a whole.
Ministry of Environment (MoEnv) coordinated all activities. MoEnv highlighted the importance of all other ministries by giving each of them responsibility for the contribution of their respective sectors. This gave full ownership to the ministries and made it more participatory and inclusive.
Other ministries namely: Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources, Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Industry and Commerce, Ministry of Transport, Ministry of Water and Irrigation, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, Ministry of Social Development.
National Climate Change Committee (NCCC) and its members, in particular: Jordan Meteorological Department, General Security Directorate, Royal Scientific Society, Jordanian National Forum for Women, Greater Amman Municipality, Aqaba Special Economic Zone Authority (ASEZA), National Centre for Agricultural Research and Extension (NCARE), Jordanian National Commission for Women (JNCW), Jordan University for Science and Technology, Hashemite University, Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature, and Jordan Environment Society.
Global GIZ INDC Support Programme implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH on behalf of the German Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB).
Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme implemented by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on behalf of the European Commission, the BMUB, the Australian Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency and AusAID.
In the framework of these programmes, GIZ and UNDP provided technical assistance and training to build capacities of stakeholders working on the INDC in Jordan.
The INDC preparations in Jordan received financial support through the International Climate Initiative (IKI) of the German Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB). Support was primarily used for workshops, one-to-one meetings, exchange visits etc. UNDP provided financial support through the Low Emission Capacity Building (LECB) Programme funded by the European Commission.