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MRV 101: Understanding measurement, reporting, and verification of climate change mitigation


This introductory paper aims to clarify the different types of MRV relevant to climate mitigation. It covers three types—MRV of emissions; of mitigation actions; and of support. MRV of mitigation actions, covered in section 2.2 of the paper, is most relevant here. The publication is aimed at national decision makers and practitioners from environmental and development organizations with no or little prior knowledge. It does not provide detailed guidance on implementing each type of MRV, nor does it cover monitoring and evaluation of adaptation efforts. The aim is that this paper will enhance understanding of the landscape of MRV, the ways in which different types of MRV fulfill particular needs and utilize respective methodologies, and the synergies among them.

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