Pilot Program for Climate Resistance (PPCR) – Yemen
The Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR), approved in November 2008, was the first program developed and operational under the Strategic Climate Fund (SCF), which is one of two funds within the Climate Investment Funds (CIF). It assists developing countries in integrating climate resilience into development planning.
The PPCR aims to pilot and demonstrate ways in which climate risk and resilience may be integrated into core development planning and implementation. In this way, the PPCR provides incentives for scaled-up action and initiates transformational change.
The pilot programs and projects implemented under the PPCR are country-led, build on National Adaptation Programs of Action (NAPAs) and other relevant country studies and strategies. They are strategically aligned with other donor funded activities to provide financing for projects that will produce experience and knowledge useful to designing scaled-up adaptation measures.
With around one third of its population living in poverty, Yemen is one of the poorest countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. There are almost no reliable long-term climate data available for Yemen, making it even more difficult for the government to identify, anticipate, and respond to critical climate risks. Given the low adaptive and institutional capacities of Yemen’s populations and institutions, heavy dependence on fragile marine ecosystems for fishing, and severe scarcity of freshwater resources for agriculture, Yemen is extremely vulnerable to extreme weather and climate shocks.
Building on existing efforts and the goals of Yemen’s national adaptation plan, Yemen is tapping US$50 million in grant financing from the PPCR to support investments to mainstream and enhance climate resilience planning and action.
The first stage of the PPCR is a Strategic Program for Climate Resilience (SPCR).
The SPCR focuses on longer-term interventions aimed at enhancing climate resilience in Yemen. The SPCR cannot address all of the key risks that have been identified, but aims to address the highest priority risks identified during the preparation process and through consultation with vulnerable communities. In particular, it is designed to reduce the vulnerability of coastal populations and integrate climate resilience and adaptation planning and capacity into the water and agricultural sectors.
Four interrelated SPCR investments are proposed, each addressing a key risk related to climate change:
- Climate Information System and PPCR Program coordination
- Improving the climate resilience of the water sector
- Improving rural livelihood through adaptation in rain-fed agriculture project
- Climate-resilient integrated coastal zone management
Designed under the leadership of the government in coordination with the World Bank (IBRD), other development partners, and key Yemeni stakeholders, Yemen’s PPCR investments will enable knowledge generation of human and ecological adaptation to climate change in a number of diverse areas and provide a framework to integrate this knowledge at the regional and national levels
Outputs and resources