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UNEP Green Economy Advisory Services – the Philippines

The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) has partnered with the Philippines to support its national initiatives on green economy, in particular by assisting in a scoping paper on sustainable consumption and production.

The Green Economy Advisory Services provides governments with policy advice, technical assistance and capacity building to help governments develop and implement initiatives to transform and revitalize their economies. For information on the program globally, click here.


The economy of the Philippines has been growing on average 5% annually over the past 10 years, which is significantly higher than the two previous decades. Despite this economic growth, distribution of the benefits to the poor has been a continuing challenge, as the country suffers from widespread poverty and mass unemployment and underemployment.

The country’s economic development, along with the growth of its population, has resulted in waste accumulation, water pollution and CO2 emissions.

In chosing to shift to a green economy, the Philippines have prioritized following five key sectors:

  • agriculture and fisheries;
  • environment and natural resources;
  • infrastructure on energy, waste, and water;
  • green cities, including sustainable transport and urban development, and;
  • green industries.

UNEP provided technical assistance to the WWF-Philippines to publish a “Scoping Paper on Green Economy and Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) in the Philippines”, which will serve as a preliminary paper and guide the next step of cooperation.

Key findings

Lack of sound policy environment to support public and private decisions and actions
There is a mismatch between policies and institutional mandates, where policies on certain sectors are absent and some are in-congruent with the content of others. There is a need to reassess, amend and update all relevant instruments to build consistent and coherent policy frameworks.

Lack of investment and incentives
The global financial crisis restrains the government’s fiscal situation and hinders effective policy implementation that infrastructure for a green economy. In response to this situation, the Philippine Development Plan 2011- 2016 (PDP) has formulated priority actions to address the related issues. The study also reveals other challenges, such as the protection of indigenous peoples’ biocultural rights, and the promotion of decent jobs and capacity-building for the poor.

Outputs and resources

To view the full country profile for the Philippines on the UNEP website click here.

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