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Vertical integration and learning for low-emission development (V-LED) in Kenya


Kenya has embarked on one of the fastest devolution processes in the world. Following the endorsement of the Constitution in 2010, elections in 2013 created 47 new county governments.

In parallel, the country is implementing its National Climate Change Response Strategy and its Green Economy Strategy and Implementation Plan that provide devolved counties with the mandate to pursue low emission development and adaptation to climate change.

The V-LED project will accompany and support the county of Kwale and the Kwale County Natural Resource Network in this exciting period to strengthen the county planning processes for local climate action, the accountability of the county government to non-state actors, and the ambition to develop bankable low emission alternatives.

The V-LED project was launched in June 2015 in Nairobi under the leadership of the Ministry of Environment and in partnership with ILEG. This project is part of the International Climate Initiative (IKI) supported by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB).

Activities in Kenya

  • Vertical climate dialogues: The devolution process offers county governments the authority and responsibility to direct their development towards more climate resilient pathways, engaging devolved sectors such as construction, transport, energy consumption and waste management. V-LED will facilitate eight multi-stakeholder dialogues to involve communities, government levels, sectors, technical institutes and bi- and multilateral organizations in discussions around climate action at county level.
  • Horizontal learning: Good practices and concrete activities of low emission development do exist in different parts of Kenya. Five good practice exchange workshops will provide a space for different actors to meet and exchange on what has worked and what hasn’t and how to mobilise and stimulate more local climate action.
  • Capacity development: Moving towards a low-carbon climate resilient pathways will require people with climate change skills and knowledge. In Kwale County, V-LED is working closely with CSOs and local communities and will train them to develop proposals for bankable mitigation initiatives. A second toolkit will focus on the mandates of devolved county governments within the countries’ climate governance system, and train government actors on their roles and responsibilities.
  • Research: The project activities will be accompanied by applied research. The recent devolution processes and the particularities of a highly vulnerable country to climate change undergoing steady growth, provide a fascinating ground for observing what factors do stimulate climate action from a multi-level governance perspective?

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