Africa's leadership on LEDS
Case StudyMobilizing a local green economy – GreenCape in the Western Cape, South Africa
Through its work across government, business, and academia, GreenCape has contributed to realizing significant private sector investment and employment in green business, technologies, and manufacturing in South Africa’s Western Cape province. This case study illustrates the sector development agency model and the specific approach used by GreenCape, with some key examples of successful initiatives. Further examples can be found in an Appendix with more Green Cape project results.
Case StudyIntegrated research and scenario building for LEDS development
The Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) process grew out of the experience of developing the South African Long Term Mitigation Scenarios (LTMS) during 2006-2008. The approach focuses on understanding how change happens in systems while recognizing the soft science of policy shifts and strategy development. Developing high quality technical analysis with local teams is essential, but building relationships between key stakeholders to ensure the credibility of, and buy-in to such analysis is as important (if not more so) for influencing political and policy-making processes such as LEDS.
Experience from transferring the South African LTMS experience to numerous Latin American countries (including Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru) through the MAPS process highlights the importance of a strong government mandate and emphasises a participative, stakeholder-driven approach focussing on collaborative research, modelling and scenario building.
Case StudyDevelopment of an integrated MRV system for comprehensive climate action in South Africa
South Africa is among the leaders in its development of a comprehensive Measuring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) system that is integrated into national monitoring and evaluation (M&E) processes, tuned to international MRV requirements. The monitoring encompasses the whole of MRV process, and the evaluation component provides “continuous assessment and feedback” to the monitoring system.
Besides covering climate change mitigation and adaptation, the system also includes M&E of all atmospheric emissions (such as PM, NOx, SOx, etc.) through a web-based platform called the National Atmospheric Emissions Inventory System (NAEIS). This integration aims at enabling the federal, provincial and local governments to track progress on the transition towards a climate-resilient and lower-carbon economy and society (NCCRP 2011). The system will also help to update the National Climate Change Response Database (NCCRD), which was developed in 2009, and formalize key data reporting mechanisms through participatory technical working groups.
The system is considered good practice as it establishes the regular tracking of greenhouse gas emissions across a wide range of sectors and is in line with the international Biennial Update Reports requirements for MRV.
Case StudySustainable tropical forest management planning
Since moving into an era of peace and stability, the Congo has become a champion of sustainable tropical forest management planning, participating in the EU Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade EU-(FLEGT) initiative and implementing an ambitious forest certification program. Current deforestation and degradation rates are estimated around 0.2%. However, more than half a million hectares of forest lands could vanish each year between 2015 to 2020 as a result of the country’s National Development Plan and the Congo 2025 Vision (a strategy aimed at making the Congo an emerging economy by 2025).
These plans include ambitious targets for promoting soft commodities such as coffee, cocoa, rubber and palm oil, as well as mining activities and logging. Alongside unsustainable wood fuel consumption, illegal logging, and urban development, these plans may exacerbate deforestation rates. Recognizing these risks, the Congolese government has partnered with the REDD+ activities to assist in sustainable development and forest conservation. The REDD+ process is seen as a unique leverage to foster cross-sector harmonious land planning.
Case StudyGreen BioTrade
The sustainable use and trade of biodiversity-based products or BioTrade could act as the perfect starting point for Namibia’s transition to a greener economy. BioTrade is already improving livelihoods of many communities in Namibia, particularly in rural areas where opportunities for subsistence are otherwise limited.
Since 2000, Namibian stakeholders have developed an innovative ‘pipeline approach’ to coordinate and create sustainable economic opportunities based on harvesting, processing and trading indigenous plants and natural products . The pipeline approach prioritizes natural products with large and quick market potential and promotes their commercial development, through an integrated strategy that addresses the entire value chain from harvesting to retail sales – all of which are done in commercial partnerships with the private sector.
This approach has so far brought four new Namibian natural products (Marula oil, Kalahari Melon seed oil, Ximenia oil and Manketti oil) to the international cosmetic markets.
BioTrade is extremely relevant to Namibia’s poverty reduction efforts, as revenues from some BioTrade products have higher poverty reduction dividends than revenues from other economic sectors. Nevertheless, it is important to highlight that several challenges still lay ahead, primarily ensuring that harvesters and other resource stewards receive greater shares of the retail value.
BioTrade supports an Ecosystem-based Adaptation (EbA) approach to climate resilience, sustainably managing, conserving and restoring ecosystems on which the poor depend most directly for their livelihood and survival. Through a pro-BioTrade approach, biodiversity could become an even greater key asset for sustainable, pro-poor development in the country.
Adding up the actual and expected value after investments in Namibia’s key BioTrade sectors, the study finds that BioTrade has the potential to become a significant contributor to the country’s transition to a green economy, having considerable impact on poverty reduction in rural areas.
A number of measures were identified to enhance Namibia’s BioTrade sectors:
- promote and strengthen linkages with private sector and financial industries;
- invest in green infrastructure, particularly in rural areas;
- harmonize BioTrade-related policies, and
- support a program of research and development to expand BioTrade.
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