Bangladesh's leadership on LEDS
Case StudyBangladesh wind resource mapping project
The Enhancing Capacity for LEDS (EC-LEDS) Bangladesh Wind Resource Mapping Project is helping to reduce the development and investment risk by providing high-quality comprehensive wind resource data products needed to encourage public and private sector wind energy development and increase investor confidence in the viability of wind energy projects. The validated high-resolution wind maps and associated data products will provide the tools for wind developers looking to find opportunities, reduce wind prospecting timelines, and demonstrate to government officials the wind potential which might aid in future energy policy decisions. Specifically, the data products allow potential developers to conduct detailed pre-feasibility studies, focused on evaluating how the wind resource in a particular region matches up with the local utilities seasonal demand, generating credible estimates of wind production, and predicting the overall potential of a site. Positive results from these studies can be used to justify further investments in project-specific on-the-ground resource wind assessments, expediting the development process and stimulating the wind market.
Over the long-term, the improved wind data products reduce development risk, increase public and private stakeholder confidence in wind energy projects, and expand potential opportunities for wind power, by providing the data needed to evaluate wind projects and incorporate wind resources into a national energy strategy.
Case StudyMicrofinance for solar home systems
The program has succeeded in achieving rapidly growing penetration rates even though those participating in the program pay almost the full cost of their solar home systems using a micro-credit loan facility and are charged high interest rates.
Up to January 2013 over 1 million systems have been installed under the program. Partner organisations report an average loan collection rate of 96% and are servicing their debt to the Infrastructure Development Company Limited (IDCOL). The systems have enabled improvements in rural economy, such as allowing snack shops to stay open late and allowing telephone facility booths to cater to more customers, therefore increasing income.
Except for the PV module, other components are produced domestically, with rural employment for technicians and in the production of charge controller and solar lamps. However, the solar home systems do not allow for more energy intensive uses such as cooking, water heating or industry, so should not be thought of a full solution to energy access (Kumar and Zubair, 2013)
Case StudyAssessing the benefits of clean energy policies in Bangladesh
Work under the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Catalyzing Clean Energy in Bangladesh (CCEB) program has shown that clean energy can provide Bangladesh with not only cost-effective greenhouse gas mitigation, but also affordable electricity, and the same could hold true for countries in similar circumstances. The analysis was based on modeling using detailed plant-level data from the Bangladesh power sector. The model is deployed at the Bangladesh Power Development Board (BPDB) as part of a suite of tools to help analyze the economic effects (e.g. power prices, fuel demand, and jobs) of various power system development scenarios.
This case study summarizes the Resources to Advance LEDS Implementation (RALI) project’s modeling efforts and quantifies the potential job impacts associated with two different clean energy scenarios, as well as the health benefits derived from cleaner air. Taken together, these benefits to people and the economy demonstrate unambiguously that clean energy alternatives should be the preferred choice over continued reliance on conventional electricity sources, and should be considered when making long-term planning decisions regarding energy generation.
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