Chile's leadership on LEDS
Case StudyInclusive and technically sound INDC development process in Chile
Preparation of the Chilean Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC), including a public consultation process and the creation of a broad analytical basis.
Chilean President Michelle Bachelet launched Chile’s preparation process for its INDC at the UN Climate Summit in New York, in September 2014. The final INDC was officially submitted in September 2015 1 and contains an unconditional target of 30% reduction of GHG emissions-intensity of GDP compared to 2007 levels by 2030, complemented by a conditional target (35–45% reduction of GHG emissions-intensity of GDP compared to 2007 by 2030) and a separate forestry target. Chile is considered a “first mover” as it was among the first developing countries to prepare and publish a draft version of the INDC. The INDC builds heavily on Chile’s Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios Project (MAPS), both in terms of data and with regard to inter-ministerial coordination processes. A public consultation process, that started in December 2014 and ended in April 2015, improved ownership and provided input from different stakeholders and the general public to the INDC. The process included the web publication of the INDC proposal with a web-based mechanism for receiving feedback as well as seven regional workshops and several presentations to targeted audiences. The case highlights the importance of efforts to build public awareness and to design specific climate change policies that go beyond existing instruments.
Case StudyDeveloping a public-private carbon management program
Development of the national carbon management programme (Programa Nacional de Gestión del Carbono) for the estimation of greenhouse gas emissions, monitoring of carbon footprints and identification of mitigation opportunities by public and private sector entities.
The Chilean national carbon management programme (PNGC, due to its name in Spanish) is a government led initiative seeking to integrate public and private efforts for the reporting of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and local mitigation actions. It functions as a tool for public and private entities aiming to measure GHG emissions, monitor carbon footprints and identify mitigation opportunities. The initiative is led by the Climate Change Office at the Ministry of Environment and has taken a collaborative approach considering both public and private interests from the outset. Although still in the early stages of implementation, it demonstrates a number of good practices including: (i) collaboration between strategic partners and a participative approach to involving public and private sectors; (ii) linking the carbon management programme with existing public policy instruments; and (iii) effective incentives for engaging participants. The case also highlights a number of barriers and challenges including: (i) lack of stakeholder knowledge on climate issues; (ii) lack of secure funding for the programme and a well-defined work plan which discourages private sector involvement; (iii) the need for effective incentives to motivate participants to engage in what is a voluntary programme; (iv) the need to ensure quality and traceability of the information managed by the PNGC. The mentioned barriers have been clearly identified by the authority and are being addressed. The PNGC is a ground-breaking initiative in Chile in terms of its collaboration with the private sector, and is anticipated to build momentum for sectors to quantify GHG emissions and mitigate at the corporate level.
Case StudyTransport green zone in Santiago
The ZVTS is the first NAMA designed for the transport sector in Chile, whose main objective is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, contributing to the national greenhouse gas reduction target of 20% by 2020.
The 'Green Zone Project for Transport in Santiago' (ZVTS in Spanish acronym) was developed at the Municipality of Santiago as part of its Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs). The ZVTS is the first NAMA designed for the transport sector in Chile, whose main objective is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, contributing to the national greenhouse gas reduction target of 20% by 2020. The ZVTS design considers four initiatives to reduce the impact on urban passenger transport emissions, grouping together in initiatives of a technological nature (Initiatives 1 and 2) and in initiatives of integration of more efficient modes (Initiatives 3 and 4). The emission reductions estimated for the NAMA ZVTS and evaluated in 10 years would reach a total of 13,004 tCO2. An expansion scenario considering the replacement of 15% of the basic RM taxi fleet (in total 3,525 taxis replaced by electric taxis) and 15% of the Transantiago bus fleet (in total 975 buses replaced by electric buses) estimates a reduction of 1,430,791 tCO2 in 10 years.
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