China's leadership on LEDS
Case StudyLimiting coal consumption in China
Limiting coal consumption at 4.2 Gt/year and the share of coal-based energy in the energy mix at 62% by 2020.
In 2014, China launched the New Energy Development Strategic Action Plan (NEDSAP 2014–2020) setting a target to limit coal consumption at 4.2 Gt/year by 2020, which is estimated to represent 62% of the energy mix. The Plan is a Low Emission Development Strategy designed through a country-driven process and rooted in China’s priorities, such as improving local air quality and addressing water scarcity issues. The ambition to limit coal consumption in China comes out of a commitment at the highest political level, contributing to the achievement of China’s Copenhagen pledge of 40–45% reduction in carbon intensity compared to 2005 levels by 2020 and its Intended Nationally Determined Contribution (INDC) goal of peaking CO 2 emissions by 2030 at the latest. In addition, capping and decreasing coal consumption is a high priority in China’s 13th Five Year Plan, which will be officially released in March 2016 at the annual National People’s Congress. According to a recent study by Greenpeace (April 2014), cumulatively, the coal control measures could result in a reduction in coal consumption of approximately 350 million tonnes (MT) by 2017 and 655 MT by 2020, compared with business-as-usual growth. This translates into an estimated reduction in CO 2 emissions of about 700 MT in 2017 and 1,300 MT in 2020.
Case StudyImplementing a national energy efficiency program
The Top-10,000 programme: a national energy conservation policy targeting the top energy-consuming enterprises and entities.
China’s mandatory energy conservation target-setting policy for large energy users, known as the Top-10,000 programme was introduced in 2011, as an expansion of its successful predecessor, the Top 1,000 programme which operated between 2006 and 2010. The Top-10,000 programme now covers two thirds of China's total energy consumption and aims to save 250 million tonne of coal equivalent (tce) by 2015, contributing to 37% of the total national energy saving target in the 12th Five Year Plan (FYP). In November 2012, China’s government officially mandated provinces to implement energy management programs (EnMPs) targeting companies covered in the Top-10,000 programme. Under a contract signed with the government, participants in the Top-10,000 Programme are required to meet certain energy saving targets and implement energy management through activities including establishing energy measurement and management systems, submitting regular energy use audits and developing energy conservation plans. Overall, the response from enterprises is generally positive, with strong commitment to achieving energy saving targets through a process that provides clear measures, guidance and supporting tools.
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