India's leadership on LEDS
Case StudyDeveloping renewable energy targets and supporting strategies
Over the years India has successfully created a positive outlook necessary to promote investment in, demand for, and supply of, renewable energy. India’s strategy on renewable energy is driven by the objectives of energy access and energy security, aided by the increasing concerns of climate change and grounded in existing policy making processes. It has evolved over the years through increasingly stronger political signals at federal level, reflected in the creation of a separate Ministry for New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) and the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC).
The success of India’s renewable energy strategy relies in the dynamic policy making which allows for incremental target setting along with identification and removal of various barriers through the process. The removal of barriers through implementing policies like an accelerated depreciation scheme, generation based incentives and renewable purchase obligations have played an integral role. Decentralised implementation is a core component of this dynamic policy making, where the state governments are allowed to develop their own policy targets and regulations in line with, but independent from, federal policy. The institutional network that is responsible to implement and achieve these targets is overseen by the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy at federal level and supported by a number of national and sub-national autonomous bodies, particularly the Electricity Regulation Commissions. This network of institutions provides a nation-wide capacity and awareness building platform for renewable energy.
A key lesson learned in the process is that while a favourable policy environment is crucial for promoting renewable energy technologies, a supporting strategy for indigenous/domestic manufacturers and investment in research and development is crucial for achieving higher long-term targets.
Case StudyGender mainstreaming in the energy sector: Applications in Madhya Pradesh, India
The ENERGIA gender methodology has been designed as a framework for energy sector planning. Its application aims at reducing the risk of gender inequality as a result from project activities and outcomes, and supports the case that both women and men benefit from energy projects.
The methodology has been used by the Energy Department of the Government of Madhya Pradesh, India, as part of the Asian Development Bank’s Regional Technical Assistance initiative Enhancing Energy Based Livelihoods for Women Micro-Entrepreneurs . It resulted in over 20,000 women entrepreneurs trained on business improvement through enhanced energy access and more than 500 enterprises adopting electricity based improvements. The initiative has reaffirmed the proposition that with appropriate enabling conditions, women can make significant contributions to the energy sector and use energy as an instrument for enhancing their livelihoods.
Case StudyIntegrating LEDS into India's national development plans
The Low Carbon Strategies for Inclusive Growth Expert Committee was assembled to research and make recommendations for integrating LEDS into the national planning process. Its members included representation from the ministries of power, new and renewable energy, environment and forest, road transport and highways, railways, urban development, coal, petroleum, agriculture, and industrial policy and promotion, as well as the Central Electricity Authority, NTPC (utility) and others.
Results supported by