South Africa's leadership on LEDS
Case StudyCrafting energy efficiency policies for commercial buildings in South Africa
In 2005, South Africa undertook efforts to increase energy efficiency while maintaining strong economic growth, as described by their National Energy Efficiency Strategy. By focusing on target industries, South Africa aims to foster economic progress without increasing carbon emissions and energy consumption. Through a strategic partnership with the Clean Energy Solutions Center, the South African government set out to craft regulations aimed at achieving their efficiency goals in the commercial building sector. As a result of the partnership a set of energy efficiency policy recommendations were outlined and adopted by the South African government.
One of the key target areas was improving energy efficiency in the commercial sector by 15%. To enable achievement of this target, an in-depth policy review, analysis and recommendations were needed. Thus, the South African National Energy Development Institute partnered with the Clean Energy Solutions Center to conduct a review of their regulations. Through their partnership the government of South Africa was able to implement informed regulations that incentivized energy efficiency in the commercial sector.
The partnership produced a list of recommendations to bolster the effectiveness of the regulations governing energy incentives, which the South African government adopted. Recommendations include; (a) design of policy that allows for flexibility with market growth; (b) broadening the scope of energy efficiency programs to include more goals and targets; (c) Assessing and monitoring programs. Following these recommendations, in 2013, South Africa adopted four major regulations: (i) tax incentives for the commercial sector upon achieving measurable energy savings, (ii) expand tax incentives to include energy efficiency projects that reduce usage as well, (iii) tax incentives were expanded beyond electricity, to include all energy forms, and (iv) establish a process for assessing energy savings through energy efficiency measures.
Case StudyMobilizing a local green economy – GreenCape in the Western Cape, South Africa
Through its work across government, business, and academia, GreenCape has contributed to realizing significant private sector investment and employment in green business, technologies, and manufacturing in South Africa’s Western Cape province. This case study illustrates the sector development agency model and the specific approach used by GreenCape, with some key examples of successful initiatives. Further examples can be found in an Appendix with more Green Cape project results.
Case StudyIntegrated research and scenario building for LEDS development
The Mitigation Action Plans and Scenarios (MAPS) process grew out of the experience of developing the South African Long Term Mitigation Scenarios (LTMS) during 2006-2008. The approach focuses on understanding how change happens in systems while recognizing the soft science of policy shifts and strategy development. Developing high quality technical analysis with local teams is essential, but building relationships between key stakeholders to ensure the credibility of, and buy-in to such analysis is as important (if not more so) for influencing political and policy-making processes such as LEDS.
Experience from transferring the South African LTMS experience to numerous Latin American countries (including Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru) through the MAPS process highlights the importance of a strong government mandate and emphasises a participative, stakeholder-driven approach focussing on collaborative research, modelling and scenario building.
Case StudyAn integrated MRV system in South Africa
South Africa is among the leaders in its development of a comprehensive MRV system that is integrated into national monitoring and evaluation (M&E) processes, tuned to international Measuring, Reporting and Verification (MRV) requirements. The monitoring encompasses the whole of MRV process, and the evaluation component provides “continuous assessment and feedback” to the monitoring system. Besides covering climate change mitigation and adaptation, the system also includes M&E of all atmospheric emissions (such as PM, NOx, SOx, etc.) through a web-based platform called the National Atmospheric Emissions Inventory System (NAEIS). This integration aims at enabling the federal, provincial and local governments to track progress on the transition towards a climate-resilient and lower-carbon economy and society (NCCRP 2011). The system will also help to update the National Climate Change Response Database (NCCRD), which was developed in 2009, and formalise key data reporting mechanisms through participatory technical working groups.
The system is considered good practice as it establishes the regular tracking of GHG emissions across a wide range of sectors and is in line with the international BUR requirements for MRV.
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