Analysis of approaches for REDD+ verification
At the 16th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Parties requested the Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA) to develop “modalities for measuring, reporting and verifying anthropogenic forest-related emissions by sources and removals by sinks, forest carbon stocks, and forest carbon stock and forest-area changes.”
Measurement, reporting, and verification (MRV) of REDD+2 has to be considered in the context of both previous COP decisions and ongoing negotiations related to the enhancement of reporting for all countries. At COP- 16, Parties decided that developing country Parties will submit biennial update reports (BURs) that update the most recently submitted national communication. It was decided that a process of “international consultations and analysis” of the biennial reports would take place in the Subsidiary Body of Implementation. According to the latest discussions in Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice, information on REDD+ results could be provided through biennial update reports.
In this paper, the authors present three approaches to REDD+ verification, with varying levels of effort and involvement by experts and Parties, as follow:
- Approach I: Technical analysis and process through the ICA.
- Approach II: Verification of results-based REDD+ actions, ICA with REDD+ technical annex.
- Approach III: Additional verifications.
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