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Global Agricultural Information Network (GAIN)


The US Department of Agriculture‘s (USDA’s) Global Agriculture Information Network (GAIN) provides timely information on the agricultural economy, products and issues in foreign countries since 1995 that are likely to have an impact on United States agricultural production and trade.

US Foreign Service officers working at posts overseas collect and submit information on the agricultural situation in more than 130 countries to USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS), which maintains the GAIN reports.

Production, Supply, and Distribution (PSD) data in GAIN reports are not official USDA data, but represent estimates made by FAS attachés. Official USDA PSD data are determined after analyzing all overseas reports and drawing on additional sources, including more than 1,500 documents received from private and public sources around the world, global weather information, and satellite imagery analysis. After this analysis, official USDA data are released in USDA’s World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates monthly report and in FAS’ World Production, Market, and Trade reports.

Access the Global Agriculture Information Network (GAIN).