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OECD Input-Output tables


Input-Output tables describe the sale and purchase relationships between producers and consumers within an economy.

They can be produced by illustrating flows between the sales and purchases (final and intermediate) of industry outputs or by illustrating the sales and purchases (final and intermediate) of product outputs. The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Input-Output database is presented on the former basis, reflecting in part the collection mechanisms for many other data sources such as research and development expenditure data, employment statistics, pollution data, energy consumption, which are in the main collected by enterprise or by establishment, and thus according to industry classifications.

The latest set of OECD Input-Output tables includes matrices of inter-industrial flows of transactions of goods and services (domestically produced and imported) in current prices, for all OECD countries (except Iceland) and 15 non-member countries, covering the years 1995, 2000 and 2005 or nearest years.

Comparisons can be made across countries.

The database is a very useful empirical tool for economic research and structural analysis at international level. It highlights inter-industrial relationships and covers not only manufacturing but also services.

Increasingly, input-output tables are also being used in environmental analysis; for example, to measure direct and indirect pollutants produced by industrial sectors within an economy and, importantly, ‘leakages’ between economies.

Access the OECD Input-Output tables database.

Resources:

OECD Input-Output methodology

Input-Output Analysis in an Increasingly Globalised World: Applications of OECD’s Harmonised International Tables.