Technology mapping of the renewable energy, buildings, and transport sectors: policy drivers and International trade aspects
This paper synthesizes findings from technology mapping studies of three sectors: renewable energy supply, residential and commercial buildings, and transport. The studies were commissioned by the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) and prepared by, respectively, the Energy Research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) in India, and the Energy Research Institute (ERI) in China. The objective of the mapping studies was to identify key climate-mitigation technologies and associated goods. This paper also analyses the following issues: the key drivers of technology deployment; policies and measures that help overcome barriers to renewable energy generation and improved energy efficiency; and certain aspects of international trade. The analysis of each area was accomplished by drawing on complementary papers prepared for ICTSD and additional research.
Addressing climate change and energy security requires massive and rapid deployment of more efficient, cleaner technologies that promote clean growth and economic gain. Carefully crafted trade policies could contribute to a rapid diffusion and transfer of clean technologies around the world and provide new incentives for innovation and investment in climate-friendly technologies.
This paper synthesizes findings from these three mapping studies commissioned by the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development and also includes an overview of key policies and measures important for the uptake of some of the technologies identified in these mapping studies. It also includes some findings on international trade in many of the products associated with these technologies and the trading opportunities, particularly for developing countries.