China’s mandatory energy conservation target-setting policy for large energy users, known as the Top-10,000 programme was introduced in 2011, as an expansion of its successful predecessor, the Top 1,000 programme which operated between 2006 and 2010. The Top-10,000 programme now covers two thirds of China's total energy consumption and aims to save 250 million tonne of coal equivalent (tce) by 2015, contributing to 37% of the total national energy saving target in the 12th Five Year Plan (FYP). In November 2012, China’s government officially mandated provinces to implement energy management programs (EnMPs) targeting companies covered in the Top-10,000 programme.
Under a contract signed with the government, participants in the Top-10,000 Programme are required to meet certain energy saving targets and implement energy management through activities including establishing energy measurement and management systems, submitting regular energy use audits and developing energy conservation plans.
Overall, the response from enterprises is generally positive, with strong commitment to achieving energy saving targets through a process that provides clear measures, guidance and supporting tools.
National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and its Resource Conservation and Environmental Protection department; National Bureau of Statistics (NBS); Certification and Accreditation Administration of the People’s Republic of China (CNCA); China National Institute for Standardization (CNIS); Stateowned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission (SASAC); Office of National Energy Leading Group; General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (GAQSIQ); Provincial and local governments at all levels as well as their energy conservation authorities (local energy conservation supervision and/or technical centres, ECCs/ETCs).
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