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Case study

Institutional Arrangements for the National Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Inventory System

Countries and regions
Germany, Europe and Central Asia
Action area


Case summary

In response to international reporting requirements, Germany set up a national GHG inventory system in 2007. The system is coordinated by the Federal Environment Agency (UBA) and builds on cooperation with a range of government and non-government entities. A particular feature of the system is the industry cooperation agreements signed between the German government and industry sector associations and individual companies. The agreements ensure regular and efficient flow of data and information to enable the estimation of GHG emissions.

The German GHG inventory system is considered good practice as it is an example of an efficient and comprehensive national GHG reporting system based on extensive collaboration between a large number of different stakeholders. In particular, the cooperation between government and the private sector is exemplary, and resulted in significant benefits, both in terms of high quality, robust data outputs as well as increased trust and transparency.

Planning and implementation activity
Monitoring and Evaluation
Institutions involved
  • Federal Ministries and agencies: Federal Environment Agency (UBA); Federal Statistical Office; Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB); Federal Ministry of Economics and Energy; Federal Ministry for Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection; Federal Ministry of the Interior; Federal Ministry of Defence; Federal Ministry of Finance; Federal Ministry of Transport and Urban Development
  • State level authorities
  • Institutes and research organisations
  • Industry associations and companies
Sectors and themes
Agriculture, Energy Efficiency, Industry, Transport, Urban, Waste Management
Source details
Global Good Practice Analysis (GIZ UNDP)

Results supported byUNDPWorld Resources InstituteTransparency partnership