Learning’s from Nepal’s National Adaptation Plan formulation process
The Ministry of Population and Environment of the Government of Nepal launched a National Adaptation Plan (NAP) formulation process for strengthening climate preparedness and facilitating climate-inclusive planning within existing programmes and policies across sectors. The NAP process builds on the National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA) which gives due recognition to social differentiation as well as natural and cultural heritage.
The process was carried out being mindful of the geographic, geo-political, socio-economic and socio-cultural realities of the country and its people. It has been inclusive by engaging vulnerable groups and emphasising gender concerns. Besides, multi-stakeholder consultative deliberations ensured incorporating viewpoints of non-governmental and private bodies.
Nepal’s NAP formulation process followed an integrated working group approach with seven thematic and two cross-cutting groups, exemplifying the inter-sectoral nature of the process and dovetailing with existing policies and programmes. It has furthermore been characterised by a scientific basis for decision-making and transparency. The NAP process has been unique in the emphasis laid on inclusive bottom-up approaches and by capitalising on the developmental co-benefits.
· MINISTRY OF POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT (MOPE): Led the national process to identify and prioritise medium- and long-term adaptation actions
· MULTI-STAKEHOLDER CLIMATE CHANGE INITIATIVES COORDINATION COMMITTEE (MCCICC): Provided overall coordination and guidance
· SUPPORTING MINISTRIES:
- Ministry of Forests and Environment (MoFE)
- Ministry of Agriculture Development
- Ministry of Home Affairs
- Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation
- Ministry of Culture, Tourism and Civil Aviation
- Ministry of Health
- Ministry of Urban Development
- Ministry of Energy
- Ministry of Women, Children and Social Welfare
- Ministry of Federal Affairs and Local Development