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Case study

National Green Growth Strategy of South Korea

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Countries and regions
South Korea, East Asia and Pacific
Action area


Case summary

In 2008 Korea announced ‘Low Carbon, Green Growth’ as its vision for mid-to long-term development (2009-2050) together with a voluntary target of 30% reduction of GHG emissions from the business as usual scenario by 2020. To implement this vision, it launched a National Green Growth Strategy in 2009 along with the countries’ Five Year Plan (FYP) for 2009-2013. One of the key instruments to achieve the countries’ new vision was the establishment of a national Emission Trading Scheme (ETS), scheduled to start from January 2015.

The development of the ETS along with the implementation of the Strategy has so far had notable impacts not just on industry but the wider public too. It has led to substantial investments on green technologies and changes in public attitudes to the issue of climate change.

There are a variety of stakeholders involved in the ETS, including several ministries and private sector actors. Although it is too early to fully evaluate the success of the strategy and emerging ETS, consistent political commitment from the Presidency (even through a change of leadership) together with ongoing coordinated efforts among all stakeholders, provide strong indications of its success.

Planning and implementation activity
Developing Strategies and Plans
Institutions involved
  • The Presidential Committee on Green Growth (PCGG)
  • The Ministry of Environment (MOE)
  • The Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE)
  • The Ministry of Strategy and Finance (MOSF)
  • Legislation & Judiciary Committee of National Assembly
  • GHG Inventory & Research Center of Korea (GIR)
  • Korea Environment Institute (KEI)
  • Local level authorities
  • Global Green Growth Institute (GGGI)
  • Korea Energy Management Corporation (KEMPCO)
  • Korea Environment Corporation (KECO)
  • Korea Forest Promotion Institute (KOFPI)
  • Korea Transportation Safety Authority (TS)
  • Korea Chamber of Commerce & Industry (KCCI)
  • Korea Exchange Inc. (Designated for emission permits trading exchange)
Developing strategies and plans
Long-Term Strategies
Sectors and themes
Agriculture, Energy Efficiency, Forestry and Land-Use, Industry, Renewable Energy, Transport, Urban, Waste Management
Source details
Global Good Practice Analysis (GIZ UNDP)

Results supported byUNDPWorld Resources InstituteTransparency partnership