Ghana's leadership on LEDS
Case StudyGhana's integrated resources and resilience planning program
The electrification rate in Ghana is 30% (and 50% in rural areas) and the government has a goal of adding 10% renewable energy sources by 2020. Ghana has an over-reliance on hydropower and is therefore vulnerable to climate change related fluctuations in water resources. An overview of the major barriers to further expanding the power sector reveals several significant handicaps: subsidized power and low tariffs leading to financial issues, high transmission and infrastructure requirements and an over-reliance on hydro and gas as a resource.
In partnership with USAID and the International Climate Fund, Ghana has implemented a pilot project in integrated resource and resilience planning strategies to evaluate the best strategy to boost their grid resilience.
Characteristics of the integrated resource and resilience planning strategies are; long term planning (up to 30 years), policy considerations, social/environmental factor considerations, stakeholder engagement and risk assessment. In Ghana, an understanding of the risk associated with variations in the hydropower resources was crucial. By evaluating key risk factors like fuel prices (and availability), changes to power generation resources due to climatic issues, changes in energy regulations and policy, population growth and major economic changes - the robustness of the power sector can be tested. Therefore, leading to a least-regret strategy (or strategies) for increasing power sector resilience.
An understanding of the risk associated with variations in the hydropower resources was crucial to Ghana and can lead to correcting and optimization of hydro resource portfolio. Furthermore, this analysis has lead to a clearer understanding of the power sector resilience with population growth and variations in demand.
Case StudyStrategies for gender equal clean energy deployment in West African states
Gender equality is an issue being addressed by the 15 member countries of the Economic Community of West African States with the goal of regional collaboration and policymaking to enhance the role of women in the energy work force. By gaining a comprehensive understanding of the relationship between the developments of clean energy with those of gender inclusivity issues, the members are positioning themselves to achieve the Sustainable Energy for All initiative and Sustainable Development Goals. Member countries came together to develop an analysis of gender integration issues as they currently stand, in order to better inform efforts towards a gender equal work force. The analysis highlighted the need for an effective communications strategy to better inform constituent stakeholders and policy makers. This analysis laid the groundwork for a transformational policy change in the form of Policy for Gender Mainstreaming and Energy Access.
Together with multiple other institutions, a report by the title of “Situations Analysis of Energy and Gender Issues” was developed. It was shown that women in the region were less represented in the energy decision-making work force, even though women will be disproportionately more affected by consequences of climate change. For e.g., it was found that in Burkina Faso that only 25% of the Ministerial employees were women, and in Guinea only 18% of the Renewable Energy Division were women.
This “Situations Analysis of Energy and Gender Issues” laid the groundwork for a transformational policy change in the form of “Policy for Gender Mainstreaming and Energy Access”. Key findings of the report include issues surrounding the lack of representation of women in decision-making roles and that an effective communication strategy was needed in all member states to communicate these findings to policy makers and stake holders. The Gender policy was reviewed by stakeholders in 2015, and is now set to be implemented by member countries in 2017. The policy identifies challenges that can be addressed through realistic solutions in regards to gender and energy issues. An increased participation of women in the supply chain can increase the adoption rate of climate change policies, thereby reinforcing the fact that creating a gender balanced work force can have an positive impact on economy as well. A few examples of the key action items proposed are; (a) ensuring that all programs/policies/initiatives are non-discriminatory, (b) education and training for women to enable the increase of their public sector participation in the long-term to 50%, (c) ensure equal opportunities for men and women to enter and succeed in the energy sector work-force and (d) establish and maintain a monitoring and accountability methodology.
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