Vietnam's leadership on LEDS
Case StudyImplementing a national energy efficiency program
The Vietnam Energy Efficiency Program (VNEEP) is a ten year program, which was approved in April 2006 by the Prime Minister of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam. It is a targeted national program and the first-ever comprehensive plan to institute measures for improving energy efficiency and conservation across all sectors of the Vietnamese economy. The overall aim of the program is to make initial savings of 3-5% during the period 2006 - 2010 and a further 5-8% during the period 2011 - 2015.
The development of the VNEEP provides a good example of a comprehensive plan, involving a wide range of stakeholders across all sectors of the economy. It has high commitment and leadership from national to local level, centralised coordination, professional and technical support from both domestic and international stakeholders and a comprehensive legal system to ensure uniform implementation of the program from the national to the local level.
Case StudyEnhancing capacity for data-driven clean energy development and green growth in Thanh Hoa, Vietnam
Vietnam’s National Green Growth Strategy establishes a vision for advancing low emission, climate resilient development and encourages all Vietnamese provinces to develop their own green growth action plans. Thanh Hoa, a province located along Vietnam’s north central coast and a priority region for economic growth, is an early leader in developing a green growth action plan. In particular, the provincial government’s establishment of a Green Growth Task Force (GGTF) in 2014 laid the foundation for critical leadership and action at the subnational level. The GGTF partnered with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Low Emission Asia Development (LEAD) and Vietnam Forests and Deltas (VFD) programs to design and develop Thanh Hoa’s Green Growth Action Plan.
Scaling up clean energy is an essential part of green growth in Vietnam and around the world. Within this context, the GGTF decided to include renewable energy targets in its Green Growth Action plan to guide long-term planning and investment. To inform realistic yet achievable renewable energy targets, the GGTF partnered with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) under the U.S. Government’s Enhancing Capacity for Low Emission Development Strategies (EC-LEDS) program to assess wind, solar, and biomass energy potential in the context of existing and planned infrastructure, environmental and energy security considerations, and other policy objectives.
By introducing a tool and analytical framework to analyze renewable energy potential under a variety of constraints, this partnership supported the GGTF in developing data-driven renewable energy targets to evaluate and put forth in the Green Growth Action Plan.
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