Agricultural technologies for climate change mitigation and adaptation in developing countries: Policy options for innovations and technology diffusion
This report discusses the need for effective policy responses to encourage the development, transfer and diffusion of appropriate agricultural technologies to promote food security, agricultural development and climate change adaptation and mitigation.
Climate change exacerbates the already daunting challenges facing the agricultural sector, and this is particularly the case in developing countries. Innovations in agriculture have always been important and will be even more vital in the context of climate change. This paper from the the ICTSD-IPC Platform on Climate Change, Agriculture and Trade highlights technological and institutional innovations required to meet these challenges, the constraints to their development, transfer and dissemination and importantly suggests ways to overcome such constraints. Although there are no panaceas or silver bullets, the solutions are certainly not beyond our grasp. Indeed, policy recommendations on technology transfer to facilitate climate change adaptation and mitigation largely mirror those proposed as effective ways of promoting agricultural development. In this sense, climate change perhaps presents us with an opportunity: it reinforces the need to make greater progress on the transfer and dissemination of existing knowledge and technologies and to speed up the development and transfer of new innovations.