Bus Rapid Transit Volume 2: Implementation Guidelines
This report discusses the main components of Bus Rapid Transit and describes Bus Rapid Transit concepts, planning considerations, key issues, the system development process, desirable conditions for Bus Rapid Transit, and general planning principles. It also provides an overview of system types.
Increasing levels of urban congestion create the need for new transportation solutions. A creative, emerging public transit solution is Bus Rapid Transit (BRT). While a precise definition of BRT is elusive, it is generally understood to include bus services that are, at a minimum, faster than traditional “local bus” service and that, at a maximum, include grade-separated bus operations. The essential features of BRT systems are some form of bus priority, faster passenger boarding, faster fare collection, and a system image that is uniquely identifiable. BRT represents a way to improve mobility at relatively low cost through incremental investment in a combination of bus infrastructure, equipment, operational improvements, and technology.
Despite the potential cost and mobility benefits, however, the transportation profession lacks a consolidated and generally accepted set of principles for planning, designing, and operating BRT vehicles and facilities. Transit agencies need guidance on how to successfully implement BRT in the political, institutional, and operational context of the United States. Volume 1: Case Studies in Bus Rapid Transit provides information on the potential range of BRT applications, planning and implementation background, and system description, including the operations and performance elements. Volume 2: Implementation Guidelines discusses the main components of BRT and describes BRT concepts, planning considerations, key issues, the system development process, desirable conditions for BRT, and general planning principles. It also provides an overview of system types.