Guide to Clean Development Mechanism projects related to municipal solid waste management
This guide aims to encourage the implementation of Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects to improve the management of municipal solid waste in Asia and The Pacific.
The Asia-Pacific region contains approximately three fifths of the world’s population, about 3.75 billion people, and spans roughly one third of the Earth’s land area. A total of 13 cities count more than 10 million inhabitants and 5 cities have more than 7 million, creating various threats to the environment, including problems related to municipal solid waste management. The high rate of population growth, urbanization and economic expansion not only accelerates consumption rates in the region’s developing cities, but also accelerates the generation of waste.
Currently, municipal solid waste (MSW) generation ranges between 0.5 kg and 1.4 kg per capita per day in all countries within the Asian and Pacific region. Consequently, waste generation is rising to levels that are difficult and costly to manage.
This guide has been published by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) to the attention of the local administrations and governments in order to do the following:
- Explain generally what the Kyoto Protocol and CDM scheme consist of;
- Identify the environmental, social and financial benefits associated with the development of a CDM project from their existing MSW disposal site;
- Assess whether a disposal site meets the basic technical and economic feasibility criteria and what could be the barriers to implementing.