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LEAF decision support tool: Integrated REDD+ accounting frameworks: Nested national approaches

Carbon accounting and incentive allocation frameworks are a central component of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD+) and in structuring these frameworks, decisions need to be made over how to reach REDD+ objectives in a timely, economically efficient and socially and environmentally sustainable manner. Under the UNFCCC, REDD+ system monitoring, accounting and incentive allocation will ultimately operate at the national level. In many countries, however, subnational and project level REDD+ activities have been and are being established during development of the full national REDD+ system to fulfill different aims such as building capacity and experience in REDD+ implementation or generating early emissions reductions and removals in defined geographical or administrative areas.

To support subnational efforts, agreement has been made under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to recognize subnational Reference Levels and monitoring as an interim measure. In some countries, subnational approaches will also be important as a permanent measure to enable REDD+ to be implemented through existing governance frameworks (e.g. states under different administrative systems or forest areas under different ministries).

This decision support tool provides overall guidance on establishing national-level REDD+ accounting frameworks within which nested or jurisdictional approaches are integrated.

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