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Mauritius’s transport policy: a case study

Mauritius depends on imported fuel for close to 83% of its energy needs. The carbon dioxide emissions associated with the burning of fossil fuels are on the rise, with per capita emissions rising steadily due to growing electricity and transportation demand. The combination of electricity use and transportation accounts for more than 85.1% of total carbon dioxide emissions.

Mauritius has experienced rapid motorization (including passenger cars and 2-and-3-wheelers) and a growing demand for public transport. Over 45% of the population lives in or around Port Louis, and government plans are underway for a bus rapid transit system for the capital, known as the Mauritius Bus Modernisation Programme to help ease congestion. The government has recently overhauled its taxation of vehicle imports, tying levies and rebates to CO2 emissions.

This case study, from the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)’s Global Fuel Economy Initiative (GFEI) looks at the changes the government has made to Mauritius’s transport policy.