Role of Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use Mitigation in INDCs and National Policy in Asia
One hundred and seventy four countries1 have prepared Intended Nationally Determined Contribution’s (INDC) to facilitate the clarity, transparency and understanding of intended national contributions for a new climate change agreement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Initial analysis of INDCs indicates that there is still a gap between current contributions recorded in INDCs and emission reductions needed to stay below 2°C of warming.2 This puts pressure on all countries to consider how they can increase their level of ambition.
Agriculture, forestry and other land use (AFOLU) represents 20-24% of the global greenhouse gas emissions. AFOLU is particularly important in Asia which has the largest proportion of global AFOLU emissions. Identifying opportunities for additional mitigation efforts within INDCs requires understanding the role of AFOLU in countries’ emission profiles, the relationship between current treatments of AFOLU in INDCs and national planning, and the costs of AFOLU mitigation strategies and how to finance them.
This paper analyzes how AFOLU Low Emission Development Strategies (LEDS) are included in INDCs and national development plans and strategies of selected countries in Asia that have different AFOLU emission profiles and development priorities: Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Vietnam. It is intended to assist national policy makers and other decision-makers who seek to understand and strengthen the connection between the current roles AFOLU LEDS is expected to play compared to the mitigation potential from AFOLU.