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Resource guide for NDC finance

Selecting effective financial instruments to support action on climate change

This low emission development strategies (LEDS) Finance Resource Guide presents a curated selection of resources on a range of topics around finance for LEDS and Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). It is designed to help LEDS practitioners find high-quality resources that meet their specific needs, avoiding time-consuming searches on the internet. It will be useful to individuals working on, or interested in, LEDS and NDC finance in both developed and developing countries.

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2.4 National climate funds

A potentially important mechanism for countries to manage climate finance is a National Climate Fund. These are nationally driven and nationally owned funds that help countries to collect climate finance from a variety of sources, coordinate them, blend them together, and account for them. In this way, countries are in the driving seat and can make informed choices about how to direct resources towards activities that deliver results. National Climate Funds provide a country driven system that can support climate change goal setting and strategic programming, oversee climate change project approval, measure project implementation and performance, offer policy assurance and financial control of climate change funds, and assist with partnership management on the ground. (Adapted from Blending climate finance through national climate funds: A guidebook for the design and establishment of national funds to achieve climate change priorities, UNDP, 2011.)

Related resources

National Climate Funds: Learning from the experience of Asia-Pacific countries


  • National climate funds

This discussion paper synthesizes and analyzes the experiences of Asia-Pacific countries in establishing and managing National Climate Funds, and can provide a starting point for in-country discussions about setting up such a fund. The paper suggests feasibility criteria for setting up funds, explores different design features (including presenting a useful typology of different types of fund), looks at some important management features and makes summary recommendations. Annex 1 of the paper summarizes the advantages and disadvantages of managing climate finance through the national budget system compared with establishing a National Climate Fund.

Blending climate finance through national climate funds: A guidebook for the design and establishment of national funds to achieve climate change priorities


  • National climate funds

The purpose of this guidebook is to assist countries in designing a National Climate Fund. It leverages UNDP’s experience with funds at the global, regional, national, and subnational levels, and shares lessons learned about designing and administering National Climate Funds. It also aims to provide a simple, robust, and transparent method for meaningful stakeholder engagement throughout the design process. The principal audience for this publication are decision makers at national and subnational levels, as well as domestic and international experts involved in assisting governments in establishing institutions and frameworks to support the management and delivery of climate finance.

Evaluating the resource mobilisation strategies and sustainability of national climate change funds


  • National climate funds

CDKN commissioned this report from Dalberg to assess the sustainability of National Climate Funds and explore possible approaches to resource mobilization, in response to the mixed experience of National Climate Funds so far. Part 1 of the report introduces its purpose and structure, and its research methodology. Part 2 presents an overview of how National Climate Funds fit into the overall climate finance landscape. Part 3 describes the primary barriers to resource mobilization and the successes of some Funds, and parts 4 and 5 outline a resource mobilization approach for National Climate Funds. The target audience includes existing National Climate Funds, decision makers exploring whether to establish a Fund, and climate policy makers more generally.

Country case study

Project final report—Creation of the national fund for climate and environment (FONERWA): Support to the fund management team


  • National climate funds

This final report from the DFID funded project to set up Rwanda’s climate fund describes the background and evolution of the fund, the results and achievements of the project, and lessons learned.

Country case study

FONERWA: Rwanda’s Green Fund


  • National climate funds

Rwanda’s national climate fund (FONERWA) is seen as one of the most successful national climate funds so far. This website presents information about the fund and numerous other documents.