Developing strategies for clean, efficient transport
The Low Emission Transport Toolkit supports development planners, technical experts, and decision-makers at national and local levels to plan and implement low emission transport systems that support economic growth. This toolkit helps users navigate a variety of resources to identify the most effective tools to build and implement low emission development strategies (LEDS) for the transport sector.
Globally, the transport sector is responsible today for approximately 23% of total energy-related carbon dioxide emissions, and its emissions are increasing at a rate faster than that of any other sector. With countries and cities facing a rising need for transport services over the coming decades, governments have a unique opportunity to meet this demand and enable economic growth while minimizing greenhouse gas emissions through the implementation of comprehensive policies, behavioral change, and adoption of energy efficient technologies for the transport sector.
At the frontiers of cycling: Policy innovations in the Netherlands, Denmark, and Germany
This article presents six detailed case studies of cycling in the Netherlands (Amsterdam and Groningen), Denmark (Copenhagen and Odense), and Germany (Berlin and Muenster). Except for Berlin, they represent the very best in coordinated policies and programs to make cycling safe, convenient, and attractive. Not only are cycling levels extraordinarily high in these cities, but virtually everyone cycles: women as well as men, the old and the young, the rich and the poor.
A review of high occupancy vehicle lane performance and policy options in the United States – Final report
This report provides an assessment of performance of existing high occupancy vehicle (HOV) lane facilities in the United States and explores policy alternatives and effects related to conversion of existing HOV lanes to high occupancy toll lane operations.
Transportation biofuels in the United States
While the biofuels wave seems to be gaining strength daily in the United States, there have also been many concerns about the implications of ramping up biofuels production. This report is intended to act as a tool to provide an overview of the current status of the major developments in the biofuels industry.
Comparison of passenger vehicle fuel economy and greenhouse gas emission standards around the world
Nine major regions around the world have implemented or proposed various fuel economy and greenhouse gas emissions standards. Yet these standards are not easily comparable due to differences in policy approaches, test drive cycles, and units of measurement. This paper develops a methodology to compare these programs to better understand their relative stringency.
GIZ sourcebook module 5c: Noise and its abatement
Noise pollution in large developing cities is an insidious issue. In such noisy cities, many people seem to have become accustomed to the higher noise levels that underpin their daily activities. Noise has not only been linked to many serious health risks, such as hypertension and heart disease, but also to a deteriorating quality of life, by interfering with speech, performance, and ultimately, productivity. This module discusses the aspects of noise, sources of road noise, the nature and scale of impacts, and remedial measures to mitigate noise pollution.
GIZ sourcebook module 5a: Air quality
This module serves to assist policy-makers and their advisers in developing countries to determine the best measures to abate air pollution with limited information. The material presented draws upon knowledge gained from countries worldwide and provides practical advice to developing countries on how to develop legally enforceable air quality standards and simplified clean air implementation plans.