Developing strategies for clean, efficient transport
The Low Emission Transport Toolkit supports development planners, technical experts, and decision-makers at national and local levels to plan and implement low emission transport systems that support economic growth. This toolkit helps users navigate a variety of resources to identify the most effective tools to build and implement low emission development strategies (LEDS) for the transport sector.
Globally, the transport sector is responsible today for approximately 23% of total energy-related carbon dioxide emissions, and its emissions are increasing at a rate faster than that of any other sector. With countries and cities facing a rising need for transport services over the coming decades, governments have a unique opportunity to meet this demand and enable economic growth while minimizing greenhouse gas emissions through the implementation of comprehensive policies, behavioral change, and adoption of energy efficient technologies for the transport sector.
GIZ sourcebook module 4f: Eco driving
Buses in cities in developing countries are often old and fuel-intensive and are a major contributor to the negative environmental impacts in the urban areas. The driver of a vehicle is directly responsible for a more economical driving style. But he is not the only one in the chain of actors involved in transport to influence fuel consumption. Manufacturers, legislators, driving schools and vehicle holders- they all can influence the fuel consumption of vehicles in various ways. This module covers three main topics: defensive & economical driving; benefits of a more economical and defensive driving stylel and how to achieve this driving style.
GIZ sourcebook module 4e: Intelligent transport systems
Advanced technologies to assist in the management of traffic flow have been developing at a rapid pace for vehicles, buses, trains, and for the management of large public transport networks. Collectively, the various technologies are now known as intelligent transport systems (ITS). The purpose of this module is to assist decision makers and their advisers in developing cities understand what to consider to be able to make best use of ITS, what opportunities and challenges ITS may present, and how best to address the challenges and take advantage of the opportunities.
GIZ sourcebook module 4c: Two and three wheelers
This module focuses on Asian developing cities, as the two- and three-wheeler vehicle fleets-and associated challenges- are far higher in Asia than in other parts of the developing world. The consideration of two- and three-wheelers is divided into two broad categories: transport system issues in cities with high shares of passenger trips undertaken by motorcycles and air quality issues.
GIZ sourcebook module 4b: Inspection and maintenance and roadworthiness
Safety and emission improvements are the main challenges for an increasing vehicle fleet in developing countries. While Government can set standards for safe, clean and fuel efficient cars, only an efficient Inspection & Maintenance (I/M) scheme can maintain safety levels (e.g. brakes, lights, chassis) and low emissions (e.g. exhaust gas test, OBD check). This module discusses recommendations around the main aspects of introducing an efficient inspection & maintenance program.
GHGenius: A model for lifecycle analysis of transportation fuels
GHGenius focuses on the life cycle assessment (LCA) of current and future fuels for transportation applications. GHGenius can predict emissions for past, present and future years through to 2050 using historical data or correlations for changes in energy and process parameters with time that are stored in the model. Includes options for countries besides the US and Canada.
Gender and transport
At present, many projects in developing countries aim to encourage access for women to services and means of transport, and to improve the participation of women in transport-related jobs. The account taken of gender in this way is justified by the fact that it enhances the effectiveness of actions in the transport sector and therefore has an increased impact on poverty reduction.
Funding urban public transport: Case study compendium
This compendium of case studies on urban public transport funding was developed as an input to the 2013 International Transport Forum Summit on Funding Transport (May 22-24, Leipzig). It serves to illustrate a variety of urban contexts, public transport services and funding mechanisms in a selection of International Transport Forum countries. It was jointly developed along with the International Association of Public Transport (UITP).